Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a joint disorder that primarily affects the jaw bone. This condition hinders general mobility of the jaw plus activities such as chewing, yawning, singing among others. Studies indicate that close to 30% of the world’s population will at some point in their lives get affected by TMD in varying degrees.
Here is a breakdown of what happens when you open and close your mouth:
The Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has a disc that moves along with the opening and closing of the mouth. If this disc moves out of place you can get clicking in the jaw upon opening and/or closing of the mouth – or even locking.
You may not only experience clicking or locking of the jaw, in addition the surrounding muscles can also cause multiple other symptoms such as headaches, toothache, unilateral or bilateral tinnitus (buzzing in ear), soreness inside throat with painful swallowing, postural dizziness and imbalance, sinusitis type pain and neck pain.
If you suffer with any of the above symptoms, a physiotherapist can assist by working on the jaw, face, and neck muscles as well as mobilising the jaw itself. A Home exercise programme can be very effective in helping alleviate and avoid recurrence of your symptoms. However, if physiotherapy is not helping to relieve your symptoms we can also refer you on to a maxilar facial specialist for further investigations. For more information or to make a booking please call our friendly team.